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Greatest Historians

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Rated 8 points - posted 5 years ago by JDBLists in category People.
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1.

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Leopold von Ranke Report Abuse
inventor of "scientific history" and probably the greatest historian of the nineteenth century.
188 points - added 4 years ago by guest -

2.

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Theodor Mommsen Report Abuse
145 points - added 3 years ago by guest - 1 comment
Comments:
Most important historian in the 19th century for ancient history
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3.

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Herodotus Report Abuse
111 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 2 comments
Comments:
History of Halicarnassus his birthplace and Greco Persian war
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Known as the father of Western history, Herodotus earns recognition for being the early-bird of historians.
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4.

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Thucydides Report Abuse
92 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 1 comment
Comments:
Herodotus gave us "Histories," Thucydides gave us the sequel: "History of the Peloponnesian War." Another historian whose influence has been felt throughout the ages.
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5.

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Plutarch Report Abuse
88 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 1 comment
Comments:
Plutarch's writings influenced the thinking of others for centuries and centuries and centuries. He is a primary source of Roman history.
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6.

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Edward Gibbon Report Abuse
The great English historian of the eighteenth century, author of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
63 points - added 4 years ago by guest -

7.

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Kristian Rey Report Abuse
fully hearted history practitioner almost part of his every day life
54 points - added 2 years ago by guest - 1 comment
Comments:
it is true and great in learning about HISTORY
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8.

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Will Durant Report Abuse
42 points - added 4 years ago by guest -

9.

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Pat Moran and Scott Patterson Report Abuse
Graduated in high ranks for the class of the 2014 College of the Holy Cross Historian Association
41 points - added 4 months ago by guest - 3 comments
Comments:
modern day lewis and clark
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Fact: Moran has collected enough artifacts over his career to open 100 smithsonians.
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these guys are an up and comers, expect to hear their names in the future
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10.

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David McCullough Report Abuse
36 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 1 comment
Comments:
2-time Pulitzer Prize winning contemporary American historian
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11.

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Ibn Zaydan Report Abuse
20 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

12.

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Barbara Tuchman Report Abuse
She writes stories that reflect on the present in a way accessible to the present-day reader.
19 points - added 4 years ago by guest -

13.

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Howard Zinn Report Abuse
Concerned with actual history not history convenient to the elite
15 points - added 5 years ago by guest - 4 comments
Comments:
Zinn's listened to the majority of people in history who had been silenced - women, blacks, workers, farmers, Latinos, etc. Previously, many historians consciously or unconsciously excluded them. What had been taught as "real" core history. was mainly that of white male elites. Zinn began when there was less material on outsiders than there is today. His effort to include, say Native Americans might seem schematic now, but today we have more to work with - to a great extent because Zinn's work. Howard Zinn does not just look at outsiders. He looks at history from their' point of view. People accustomed to insiders' vantage point of see him as biased because he includes what had been missing. Zinn and other social historians, such as Eric Hobsbawm have also shown outsiders to be makers of history not just passive victims. Without this: 1. History has moral blinders 2. It fails to see key forces at work - like trying to understand a whale, without looking at the sea, or the other creatures great and small that affect it. National elites often expect historians to serve as patriotic cheer leaders. Social science has tried to reject cheer leading, and look at reality. Ask a typical college class how many have heard of the Boston Massacre (almost all) versus the My Lai Massacre one or two). Old fashioned biases are alive and well. Conservatives say Zinn is biased for telling the truth about genocide, slavery, or the price of war that he observed as a bombardier in World War II. Rather than say he is biased for illuminating the dark parts of our history real historians are looking at what he brought to light.
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In response to the criticisms: Howard Zinn's work is not free from inaccuracies, as is the case with every historian, but his contribution as a social historian is undeniable in understanding American history. He made a very important point that the perspective of a historian is always the product of his ideology, and because bias is inevitable one must choose whether he should look at it through the eyes of the elites, or those 'from below'. His magnum opus, "People's History" should be required reading for any student of American history in addition to the works of those like Eric Foner.
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I'm afraid some confuse fame with greatness. Mr. Zinn took a proctologist's view of history and of the U.S. -- fact-based, but preoccupied, dismissing the the great scope, complexity, and beauty of the human condition. He once said the world would have been better off if the U.S. had never been consummated. His thinking reflects the opposite of wisdom.
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Makes the US elite look like Snidely Whiplash villains. Frequently portrays the common man as being easily fooled- all the better for a Marxist elite to "guide"
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14.

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Sergey Solovyov Report Abuse
15 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

15.

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Victor Davis Hanson Report Abuse
14 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

16.

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Xenophon Report Abuse
14 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 1 comment
Comments:
Greek military leader and student of Socrates; completed Thucydides' unfinished History of the Peloponnesian War and wrote an account of his own experience with a group of Greek mercenaries stranded in Persia.
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17.

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Ahmad ibn Khalid al-Nasiri Report Abuse
13 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

18.

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David Hume Report Abuse
13 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 2 comments
Comments:
Like Gibbon, actually analyzed the primary sources.
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Hume is responsible for the rather comprehensive "History of England," and was a prominent philosopher as well as historian.
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19.

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Sima Qian Report Abuse
13 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 1 comment
Comments:
The greatest Chinese historian; the Eastern equivalent of Herodotus with the difference that while Herodotus' work focused on a single war, Sima Qian's massive Records covered 2000 years of Chinese history.
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20.

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Michel Foucault Report Abuse
12 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 1 comment
Comments:
Best known as a philosopher and a sociologist, Focault has made, however, essential contributions to contemporary history. His ideas opened a wide range of new fields of research, mainly in social and cultural history. Subjects like minorities or thought systems history owe a lot to his works.
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21.

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Bede Report Abuse
12 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 1 comment
Comments:
Author of the Ecclesiastical History of the English People; the greatest pre-Norman English historian.
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22.

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Gregory of Tours Report Abuse
12 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

23.

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Shen Yue Report Abuse
12 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

24.

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William Hickling Prescott Report Abuse
(1796-1859) Possibly the greatest American historian of the 19th century, and author of the History of the Conquest of Mexico, the History of the Conquest of Peru, and the History of Ferdinand and Isabella.
11 points - added 1 year ago by guest -

25.

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Voltaire Report Abuse
11 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 1 comment
Comments:
Aside from being one of the most famous philosophers in history, Voltaire was also a quite-capable historian. Some people seem to be able to do everything.
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26.

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James M. McPherson Report Abuse
10 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 2 comments
Comments:
Solid nitty-gritty historian of the Civil War. Stands up solidly "yonder like a stonewall" against neo-confederate myth-making that the Civil War was not about slavery. Check out the Texas, Mississippi, Georgia, and South Carolina declarations of causes of secession, and Confederate VP Alexander Stephens "Cornerstone Speech" if you have any doubts.
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Another popular contemporary American historian.
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27.

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Stephen Ambrose Report Abuse
10 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists - 1 comment
Comments:
Pop historian. Not as highly ranked as his sales and TV appearances might suggest. Nasty plagiarism scandal with his Wild Blue.
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28.

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Shelby Foote Report Abuse
Author of the critically acclaimed 3000 page 1.5 million word history of the American Civil War.
9 points - added 2 years ago by guest -

29.

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Frances FitzGerald Report Abuse
8 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

30.

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Alan Gallay Report Abuse
Changed the way we understand early American history
6 points - added 2 years ago by guest -

31.

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Usamah ibn Munqidh Report Abuse
6 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

32.

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Dudley Wright Knox Report Abuse
4 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

33.

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Nicolae Iorga Report Abuse
Byzantium afeter Byzantium, History of the Ottoman Empire, History of the Venitian Republic, History of Romania through Its Travellers, History of Albania,
3 points - added 2 years ago by guest -

34.

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Boris Rybakov Report Abuse
3 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

35.

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Fergus Millar Report Abuse
Probably the greatest 20th century historian of ancient Rome
2 points - added 2 years ago by guest - 1 comment
Comments:
Massive command of all the literary sources relating to the ancient world and a clear scientific approach to analysis and interpretations
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36.

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Vasily Tatishchev Report Abuse
2 points - added 5 years ago by JDBLists -

37.

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Thomas Carlyle Report Abuse
Carlyle's portentous, oracular Style and extravagant Vocabulary (no more normal in the 19th century than they'd be today) can make you think he's a crank, but his French Revolution is a candidate for the most interesting, penetrating and exciting volume of history ever written. Few historians have been equally deep philosophers, and none I know of has matched his understanding of how the exceptional figure interacts with the unruly masses.
1 point - added 11 months ago by guest -

38.

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alexander the great Report Abuse
awww waaaaaaa eeeeea w e e
1 point - added 2 years ago by guest -

39.

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Andrew Lang Report Abuse
1 point - added 2 years ago by guest -

40.

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Thomas Babington Macaulay Report Abuse
1 point - added 3 years ago by guest -

41.

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Raul Hilberg Report Abuse
His history "The Destruction of European Jewry" is the standard text on the Holocaust.
0 points - added 1 year ago by guest -
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