James Parkinson (11 April 1755 – 21 December 1824) was an English apothecary surgeon, geologist, paleontologist, and political activist. He is most famous for his 1817 work, An Essay on the Shaking Palsy in which he was the first to describe "paralysis agitans", a condition that would later be renamed Parkinson's disease by Jean-Martin Charcot.
Physicist, Isaac Newton Chair at Cambridge University, Department of Applied and Theoretical Mathematical Physics.His work is in cosmology particularly black holes, singularities and the Big Bang Theory.He predicted that a radiation is produced by quantum effects in space near a black hole.This theory predicts that black holes slowly evaporate and finally expire in a burst of gamma rays.New Age Physics predictions of multiple Big Bang and spatial distance on a linear scale of black hole formation connected by a past and future cone, as a result a Big Bang as collision between two Black Holes and gama burst in the past with a spatial distance and time lag observation in the present as portrayed in Methodological Frame of the Field and later supported by observtions required a serious rethinking on his model.Hawking is very well known for his bestselling books Brief History of Time and A Theory of Everything.
However Atheist, he gave thousands a new perspective and philosophy. Comedian & Philosopher.
Satyajit Ray was perhaps the greatest Cinema director in World Cinema as well as a highly distinguished author of short stories.
Russo-German Mathematician,notion of flat space i.e. no gravity so 0 curvature, with a geometry expressed in a special metric which is distinct from the flat space of Newtonian mechanics,read with Lorenz transform and constant speed of light lead to theory of relativity.
Co-discovered the double-helix structure of DNA; important pioneers in research of the genetic code.
Russian Mathematician, Markov chain, a chain of events in which the probability of moving from one state to another depends on the existing state, matrix, probability of an event.
Geology,layers of rock reveal the sequence of formation. He and Charles Lyell are considered the founders of modern geology.
Jurist, became Solicitor General of UK, Commentaries on the Laws of England is the first comprehensive work on the principles of English Law.
Actor,Director,relesed Citizen Kane exploring new techniques in lighting, dialogue and use of camera lenses.
Business tycoon, TV show entrepreneur and Rock N Roll fame! His mother was the only person in her family to survive the Nazi death camps.
Managerial economics, Managerial discretion and Business Behavior, The Economics of Discretionary Behavior, Corporate Control and Business Behavior.The managerial utility function and comparitive statics came into question in the Wall Street collapse of 1987 and then 2009 when the New age economics brought in the market pulse and the analyzer viz. generator/operator mathematics,(Methodological Frame of the Field, LL.B,London Mathematical Society). Managerial discretion requires the notion of utility surface.
Greek inventor and mathematician.Lived in Alexandria in 1st century AD.Catoptrices, invented various air powered machines,devised a formula for calculating area of a triangle.
One of the world's great playwrights and composers of songs. Neglected due to lack of translations of his plays and music notations.
Allan Kardec is the pen name of the French teacher and educator Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail (Lyon, October 3, 1804 – Paris, March 31, 1869). He is known today as the systematizer of Spiritism for which he laid the foundation with the five books of the Spiritist Codification.
Mathematician, first to propose that computers might be able to think in identical manner as humans. It was another mathematician, John Von Neumann who suggested that the program needed to operate a computer must be stored in its memory.
French Journalist, Radical activist,his popular writings lead to his imprisonment from 1849-53 and transportation till1859.Played a prominent part in revoution of 1848 and in the Paris Commune.
Russian novelist, dramatist. He is best known for his novel The Master and Margarita
Physicist, along with others developed a machine for accelerating charged particles,typically protons. Acceleration is provided by an oscillating electric field, a constant magnetic field guides particles in a spiral path. Now superseded by Synchrotron.The Large Hadron Collider at CERN is now operational, hadron being a term for particles which experience strong interactions. The path is clear for Resonators as suggested in Methodological Frame of the field. Linear Accelerators, Cyclotron, Synchrotron, Large Hadron Collider.
French mathematician,number theory, elliptic functions. Due to jealousy of cooleague Laplace did not get much recognition for his work.
Mathematician and Logician,Mathematical Analysis of Logic,Laws of Thought,Pioneer of modern symbolic logic whose effect reverbrates in Frege, Bertrand Russell and many others.
Economist, in the Marshallian methodology (after Alfred Marshall) there is a partial equilibrium analysis with ceteris paribus clause so that each market is regarded independently of the other.However, the fundamental feature of the economic system is interdependence and the relationship between the various factor markets and commodity markets exists.The problem is to determine whether the independent behavior of economic decision makers is consistent and all decision making units are in equilibrium.Walras in his Elements of Pure Economics used simeltaneous equations from which all relevant magnitudes (prices and quantities of all commodities and factor services ) are determined by them.There are as many markets as commodities and factors of production.The equality of number of equations and unknowns is neither sufficient nor necessary condition for the existence of a solution.We thus have existence,uniqueness and stability problem of general equilibrium.Imperfect markets increase the problem but some sort of general equilibrium configuration/state can be shown with static properties when there is efficient allocation of resources among firms,efficient distribution of commodity produced and efficient combination of products. Even if the production possibility curve is drawn and Pareto efficiency /optimality (after Vilfred Pareto) is applied, factor ownership and income distribution is a problem as well efficiency in product mix.Despite its shortcomings it is an influential theory in which increasining flexibilty is being attempted.Existence of such an equilbrium with market clearing and market corrections was doubted as well behaved properties of production function and local or non-local uniqueness of equilbrium solution.As money and uncertainity, expectations are introduced, the neutrality of money with short term and long term implication and inter-temporal choices is a serious concern. His work still deserves a second look for showing interdependence in the economy.
Astronomer.She organized the star categories in a sequence from hottest to coolest.In 1910 the Internatinonal Astronomical Union adopted Cannon's system of Spectral Classification.
Known for: surviving the Titanic disaster and helping others; part of the Denver mining boom
Aristides de Sousa Mendes do Amaral e Abranches (July 19, 1885 - April 3, 1954) was a Portuguese diplomat. He ignored and defied the orders of his own government for the safety of war refugees fleeing from invading German military forces in the early years of World War II. Between June 16 and June 23, 1940, he frantically issued Portuguese visas free of charge, to over 30,000 refugees seeking to escape the Nazi terror, 12,000 of whom were Jews. This man saved more people then Schindler, but the second got rich a got a movie in his honour. Aristides saved an enormous number of lives, but lost his career for it. In 1941, Salazar lost political trust in Sousa Mendes and forced the diplomat to quit his career, subsequently ordering as well that no one in Portugal show him any charity. He found he also could not resume his law career, as he was prevented from registration, and he was made to surrender his foreign-issue driver's license. Just before the war's end in 1945, he suffered a stroke that left him at least partially paralyzed. In his later years, the formerly much-honored diplomat was abandoned by most of his colleagues and friends and often blamed by some of his close family members. Aided by a local Jewish refugee agency ( which had begun to feed the family and pay their rent upon discovering the situation) the children moved to other countries one by one in search of opportunities they were now denied in Portugal, though all accounts by them indicate they never blamed their father or regretted his decision. His wife, Angelina, died in 1948. Stripped of his pension, he died in poverty on April 3, 1954, still in disgrace with his government. This was a hero, a TRUE HERO.
Sociologist,study of patterned social behavior.Social structures are modified by social interaction.Sociometry is a method of mapping social networks.The networks are based on respondents ranking people on the basis of who they find more and those less desirable.It helps psychologists build theories on association between people.Graphical relationships of social networks is a sociogram.Facebook as well as the present list face flak as many people would prefer TIME magazine listings rather than the present list.
Writer and philanthropist J. K. Rowling is the first billionaire author. The Harry Potter books having sold over 450 million copies (translated into 67 different languages, including Ancient Greek), spawning a franchise worth an estimated 15 billion.
his teachings are great. he is an inspiration to all human beings on this earth especially youth. his speech at parlaiment of religious is greatest of all.
Linguistics, political critic, Major works include Syntactic Structures, American Power and the New Mandarins, Class Warfare,What We Say Goes.
Antoine Bernard-Jean Marfan (June 23, 1858 – 1942) was a French pediatrician. He was born in Castelnaudary (département Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon) to Antoine Prosper Marfan and Adélaïde Thuries. He began his medical studies in Toulouse, where he stayed for two years before moving to Paris. He graduated in 1886, his education having been interrupted by a period of military service. In 1914 he became Professor of Infantile Hygiene in the pediatric clinic of the University of Paris In 1896, Marfan described a hereditary disorder of connective tissue which became known as Marfan syndrome. Further eponymous medical conditions named after Antoine Marfan include:
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish physician and writer, most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, generally considered a milestone in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger. He was a prolific writer whose other works include science fiction stories, plays, romances, poetry, non-fiction, historical novels and humours ('Exploits of Brigadier E.Gerard').
Very personable, very free spirited person with a fascinating outlook on life
German philosopher, claims that religion rises from one's alienation from oneself, there is a projection of ideal human qualities on a fictitious supreme other, Das Wesen desChristentums, his works influenced Marx.
Léon Charles Albert Calmette ForMemRS (July 12, 1863 – October 29, 1933) was a French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist, and an important officer of the Pasteur Institute. He discovered the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, an attenuated form of Mycobacterium used in the BCG vaccine against tuberculosis. He also developed the first antivenin for snake venom, the Calmette's serum.
Giulio Natta (26 February 1903 - 2 May 1979) was an Italian chemist and Nobel laureate. He who won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963 with Karl Ziegler for work on high polymers. he was the inventor of the plastics!
Athlete,much to the annoyance of Hitler dominated Berlin Olympics in 1936.His feat though matched in terms of medals by Carl Lewis in 1984 stands out in history.
Pioneered Econometrics, national economic planning decision models. Econometrics is a branch of economics which mathematics and statistics to construct models of the economy to make economic forecasts and predictions about likely results of governmental actions.Macroeconomic forecasting on the basis of microeconomic individual behavior require the assumption of consistency in behavior along with bounded rationality.Change in preferences and indifferences would jeopardize the prediction according to new age economics.
Creator of Ballets Russes, famous for nurturing new talents, composers (Rimsky,Korasakov,Satie,Stravinsky) and choregraphers (Fokine,Nijinsky,Massine,Balanchine).
Musician, Broke away from the conventions of Jazz and started exploring new sounds and techniques.This started free Jazz.
he made noices from his guitar amp no one had ever heard , and probbably wont ever hear again
Writer,Philosopher, Existentialism, Being and Nothingness,The Roads to Freedom,declined the Nobel Prize for Literature.Existentialism is a philosophcal movement closely associated with Kierkegaard,Sartre and Heidegger.Persons choose and avoid perspective; to not to choose is itself a choice in a world that is hostile. Truth about the world are revealed in moments of unfocussed psychological anxiety. Effected literature ( See Dostoevsky,Camus, Binswanger, Rollo May, Tillich, Bultman)
Of the "Frantic Ford" and "frantic four" race team, early pioneer of Drag racing and inventor. Also of the famed K&G speed shops. First person to use a Hemi in a top fuel car 2 weeks before Don Gartlits
Filmmaker. Introduced the world to the "blockbuster" film, which is a film that makes the $ 100 million mark or beyond. Also known for directing and producing some of the highest grossing movies of all time. But more importantly, his ability to deliver a message, be it about the Holocaust or aliens, is unmatched.
Russian Cosmonaut, in 1965 became the first man to walk in space.In 1975 his Soyuz spacecraft docked with American Appolo to make the first international space dock.
Creator of Martial Arts, Indoor Plumbing, and the Voyager 6 Deep-Space Probe , Inventor of Bricks and Masonry, the Waiting-Room in Doctors Offices, and Nintendo Game Systems, and Writer of "The Grapes of Wraith", "The Kama Sutra, and "The Aeneid.
Rugby,A team game played with an oval ball,developed from the kicking game of football, in 1823 Ellis picked up the ball and ran.The Rugby Football Union was formed in 1871. It is played with 13-15 players per side, the object is to score a try by grounding the ball in the opposin scoring area behind the goal line.
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