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World's Most Influential Inventors and Scientists of All Time

42 items ranked

This list consists of names of inventors and scientists who made great contributions in improving human life and their works paved the way in the development and modernization of science and technology.

Rated 4 points - posted 6 years ago by samutsari in category Science.
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1.

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Johann Guttenberg Report Abuse
He is the inventor of printing, the first person who developed the first method of movable type and the printing press.He combined all the elements of printing into an effective and complete production and manufacturing process.
440 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 3 comments
Comments:
No list is right without Nikola Tesla in the top 3! Need I say more
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He was a cartographer for Marco Pollo...
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He didn't invent printing, he invented the printing press (movable type). Get the facts right.
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2.

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Nikolaus August Otto Report Abuse
He built the first 4-stroke internal combustion engine.
284 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

3.

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May Planck Report Abuse
Planck's hypothesis became the starting point for the quantum theories that revolutionized physics and provided a deeper understanding of the nature of matter and radiation. He is the Father of Quantum Mechanics.
247 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
Max Planck*
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4.

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Werner Heisenberg Report Abuse
He created the quantum mechanic theory which is applied in the creation of electron microscopic lasers and transistors, wide application in nuclear physics and atomic energy.
209 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

5.

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Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen Report Abuse
He invented x-ray
153 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
roentgen
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6.

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Albert Einstein Report Abuse
He is considered the greatest scientist of the 20th century. He developed the Einstein Law of Gravitation. He received a Nobel Prize in physics for his paper explaining the photoelectric effects, an important phenomenon which is a puzzle to physicists.In his paper he explained the existence of photon or particles of light. His photoelectric law turn out to have important applications and his hypothesis of the photon had a major influence and an integral part of today's quantum theory.
149 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 2 comments
Comments:
So many people think he was the smartest man who ever lived, but Thomas Edison and Isaac Newton are about 30 IQ points smarter than him.
Added 4 years ago by guest, -1 points Vote + to improve this comment's ranking Vote - to decrease this comment's ranking
Perhaps one of the most influential scientists of all time. However, i believe that the definition of inventor is more someone who develops something new rather than discovering and theorizing something that has always existed
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7.

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Leonardo Da Vinci Report Abuse
Leonardo is most well known for his skill in the arts, but was also one of the greatest mechanical minds of his time. He is contributed with the first designs for the flying machine, the tank, horseless carriage and paved the way for architectural design. His work was the stepping stone for many others to build from and made it possible for many to complete their work.
133 points - added 5 years ago by guest - 1 comment
Comments:
He even wrote down all of his findings upside-down and backwards so no one could read it.
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8.

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Nicolas Copernicus Report Abuse
Copernicus correctly stated that the earth rotates in it's axis, that the moon revolves around the earth and the earth and other planets revolve around the sun. The Copernican system of the universe revolutionized our understanding of the universe and led to major changes in the entire philosophical outlook.
117 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

9.

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Otto von Lilienthal Report Abuse
Inventor of the airplane
101 points - added 4 years ago by guest - 1 comment
Comments:
I did a PowerPoint on this dude, he was known for successful glider tests and invented the plane, yet he died doing this.
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10.

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Dmitri Mendeleev Report Abuse
Russian chemist and inventor. He is credited as being the creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements.
69 points - added 6 years ago by Samuil Svinin -

11.

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Lewis Pasteur Report Abuse
He is the most important single figure in the history of medicine and made many contributions to science. He is most famous in his advocacy of the germ theory of disease and for his technique of preventive inoculation.Pasteur stressed the importance of antiseptic methods for physicians. Pasteur developed a technique to destroy microorganisms in beverages called pasteurization. He studied a disease called anthrax and developed a technique for producing a weakened strain of the anthrax bacillus, when injected into the cattle it developed an immunity to normal form of disease. It was soon realized that his method might be applied to the prevention of many other communicable diseases. Pasteur's most renowned achievement is the development of immunizing people against rabies. Other scientists applied Pasteur's basic ideas and created vaccines against serious diseases like typhus and poliomyelitis.
65 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 2 comments
Comments:
His name is spelled LOUIS, not LEWIS.
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Lewis?????? LEWIS?!?!?????
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12.

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Ben Franklin Report Abuse
Besides his many inventions, he also had a big part in Democracy
64 points - added 5 years ago by redbarron80 - 2 comments
Comments:
The Greeks had democracy long before Franklin.
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He invented the bifocals and the stove. Scientists state that he never did his kite-flight because the shock would have killed him.
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13.

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Galileo Galilei Report Abuse
Italian scientist famous in the field of Astronomy. Galileo invented the telescope and his observations proved the Copernican Hypothesis. He also discovered the Law of Inertia which states that an object will continue moving indefinitely unless a stopping force like friction is applied to it.. Galileo's most important contribution was his role in founding the modern scientific method. He insisted the necessity of conducting experiments to determine what actually did happen.
56 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

14.

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Vladimir Shukhov Report Abuse
Russian civil engineer, inventor and architect, who played a key role in petroleum industry, transport and modern architecture. His inventions: hyperboloid structures, lattice shell structures, tensile structures, gridshell structures, oil reservoirs and pipelines.
55 points - added 6 years ago by Samuil Svinin -

15.

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Orville and Wilbur Wright Report Abuse
Inventor of airplane. The Wright brothers first learn to fly before before inventing a powered airplane by using gliders. They are the most expert pilots in the world.
52 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
They did not invent the airplane. They made good progress together with others who built airplanes before them. They just set a new record in the distance of the plane flying.
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16.

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Gregor Mendel Report Abuse
He discovered the basic principles of heredity and paved the way of modern genetics..
51 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

17.

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Thomas Edison Report Abuse
He invented the first electrical lighting system-incandescent light bulb.He also set up the first power distribution company providing electricity to private homes. This paved the way to the development of the power generation industry and stimulated the use of electricity in different industries.He also established the first modern, well-equipped research laboratory.
51 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 2 comments
Comments:
"This paved the way to the development of the power generation" - Clearly you didn't take the time to read and interpret what was said. Thomas Edison's invention paved a road for someone like Nicola Tesla to make it more efficient.
Added 3 years ago by guest, 0 points Vote + to improve this comment's ranking Vote - to decrease this comment's ranking
Nicola Tesla's design is the one We use today Edison's design Wasn't efficient not to mention The 3 phase motor , coil ,ac power I could go on !!!
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18.

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Sigmund Freud Report Abuse
He developed the technique of psychoanalysis to treat mental illness. He formulated the theory of the structure of the human personality.
49 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
He did not invent anything. He just phantasied.
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19.

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James Clark Maxwell Report Abuse
Famous for his formulation of the set of four equations that express the basic laws of electricity and magnetism. Maxwell was able to describe exactly the behavior and interaction of electric and magnetic field.
49 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
James Clerk Maxwell
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20.

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Michael Faraday Report Abuse
He invented the first electric motor, the first device to use an electric current to make a material object move. Faraday Law is of in our theoretical understanding of electromagnetism. Electro magnetic conduction can be used to generate continuous electricity as Faraday demonstrated himself by building the first electric dynamo.
49 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
he is very important
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21.

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Euclid Report Abuse
A Greek Geometer whose textbook, The Element has been used for more than 2000 years ans it is unquestionably the mos successful textbook ever written. Euclid's textbook was a significant factor in the advancement of science.
45 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

22.

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James Watt Report Abuse
Inventor of the steam engine
42 points - added 5 years ago by guest -

23.

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T'sai Lun Report Abuse
He is the inventor of paper during the Han Dynasty. His name is unknown to many but his invention of the paper made a significant change and improvement of how books are written. Before paper was invented, Books in China were made of bamboo, in the West Books are written in parchment or vellum made of specially processed sheepskin or calfskin, which is expensive and scarce. Paper is common nowadays but it is so important and it is widely used not just for writing and printing. Imagine a world without paper...what do you think?
39 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
The most important and influential invention on this list.
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24.

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Mikhail Lomonosov Report Abuse
Russian polymath, scientist and writer, who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. Among his discoveries was the atmosphere of Venus. His spheres of science were natural science, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, history, art, philology, optical devices and others. Lomonosov was also a poet, who created the basis of the modern Russian literary language.
38 points - added 6 years ago by Samuil Svinin - 1 comment
Comments:
Wow! He did a lot!
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25.

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Isaac Newton Report Abuse
An apple fell while he sat under a tree, that helped him with some important ideas. Seriously, he's not even on this list...ISAAC NEWTON!
36 points - added 4 years ago by guest - 2 comments
Comments:
Between Newton or Einstein should be #1
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He is almost popular just like Einstein...!!! And seriously... He can be in 3rd or4th influential I ever have known
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26.

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Nicola Tesla Report Abuse
Alternating Current (AC), Wireless, Radio & Radio-control, X-ray experimentation, and the Tesla Coil.
23 points - added 2 years ago by larryco_ -

27.

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Ivan Pavlov Report Abuse
Russian scientist, Nobel laureate. The Most influential physiologist of all time. Creator of reflex system ("Pavlov's dog")
23 points - added 6 years ago by Samuil Svinin -

28.

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Guglielmo Marconi Report Abuse
He is the inventor of radio. His work paved the way in the development of wireless communication which is very important in the modern world.
22 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
Nope wrong again Marconi used Nicola Tesla's patents to build the Radio
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29.

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Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek Report Abuse
He discovered the microbes and the first person who was able to describe spermatozoa, one of the earliest to describe the red blood corpuscles. Through him the scientific world became aware of the existence of microbes.
21 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
anton van leeuwenhoek
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30.

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Wernher von Braun Report Abuse
the father of the moon programm
20 points - added 1 year ago by guest -

31.

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Alexander Fleming Report Abuse
Inventor of penicillin. He studied wound infection and noticed that many antiseptics injured the body cell even more than they injured the microbes. He discovered the substance which he called lysozyme-produced by human body.
20 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
DISCOVERER of penicillin, not inventor
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32.

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Alexander Graham Bell Report Abuse
Inventor of telephone
18 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 2 comments
Comments:
That is right, Philip Reis invented the telephone and Bell made it economic in Britain. The British did not want to speak into a German device at that time.
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He was not the inventor of the telephone!
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33.

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Enrico Fermi Report Abuse
He designed the first nuclear reactor
15 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari - 1 comment
Comments:
He actually invented radiation.
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34.

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Antoine Laurent Lavoiseur Report Abuse
He is the most important figure in the development of Chemistry. He was the first person to clearly explain the principle of conservation of mass in chemical reactions. According to him a chemical reaction might re-arrange the elements present in the original substance but no matter is destroyed , and the end product weigh the same as the original component.
14 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

35.

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John Ross Dixon Report Abuse
Found out turkeys could fly fly.
11 points - added 4 years ago by guest - 2 comments
Comments:
I totally think they could flyflyflyflyflyflyflyfly....
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Dang i knew they could fly but i didnt know they could fly fly
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36.

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Johannes Kepler Report Abuse
proved that the sun is the center of our solar system, father of modern astronomy
10 points - added 1 year ago by guest -

37.

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William TG Morton Report Abuse
He was the person responsible in introducing the use of anesthesia in surgery.
6 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

38.

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Gregory Pincus Report Abuse
He played a very significant role in the development of the oral contraceptive pill.
1 point - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

39.

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Antoine Henry Becquerel Report Abuse
He is a Nobel Prize recipient for her discovery of radio activity.
1 point - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

40.

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Edward Jenner Report Abuse
He was the person who popularized the technique of vaccination as a preventive measure against small pox..
0 points - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

41.

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Louis Daguerre Report Abuse
He developed the first practical method of photography called daguerreotype.
-1 point - added 6 years ago by samutsari -

42.

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William Harvey Report Abuse
He discovered the circulation of blood and the function of the heart.
-1 point - added 6 years ago by samutsari -
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