World's Most Influential Inventors and Scientists of All Time42 items ranked
This list consists of names of inventors and scientists who made great contributions in improving human life and their works paved the way in the development and modernization of science and technology.
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He is the inventor of printing, the first person who developed the first method of movable type and the printing press.He combined all the elements of printing into an effective and complete production and manufacturing process.
Planck's hypothesis became the starting point for the quantum theories that revolutionized physics and provided a deeper understanding of the nature of matter and radiation. He is the Father of Quantum Mechanics.
He created the quantum mechanic theory which is applied in the creation of electron microscopic lasers and transistors, wide application in nuclear physics and atomic energy.
He is considered the greatest scientist of the 20th century. He developed the Einstein Law of Gravitation. He received a Nobel Prize in physics for his paper explaining the photoelectric effects, an important phenomenon which is a puzzle to physicists.In his paper he explained the existence of photon or particles of light. His photoelectric law turn out to have important applications and his hypothesis of the photon had a major influence and an integral part of today's quantum theory.
Leonardo is most well known for his skill in the arts, but was also one of the greatest mechanical minds of his time. He is contributed with the first designs for the flying machine, the tank, horseless carriage and paved the way for architectural design. His work was the stepping stone for many others to build from and made it possible for many to complete their work.
Copernicus correctly stated that the earth rotates in it's axis, that the moon revolves around the earth and the earth and other planets revolve around the sun. The Copernican system of the universe revolutionized our understanding of the universe and led to major changes in the entire philosophical outlook.
Russian chemist and inventor. He is credited as being the creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements.
He is the most important single figure in the history of medicine and made many contributions to science. He is most famous in his advocacy of the germ theory of disease and for his technique of preventive inoculation.Pasteur stressed the importance of antiseptic methods for physicians. Pasteur developed a technique to destroy microorganisms in beverages called pasteurization. He studied a disease called anthrax and developed a technique for producing a weakened strain of the anthrax bacillus, when injected into the cattle it developed an immunity to normal form of disease. It was soon realized that his method might be applied to the prevention of many other communicable diseases. Pasteur's most renowned achievement is the development of immunizing people against rabies. Other scientists applied Pasteur's basic ideas and created vaccines against serious diseases like typhus and poliomyelitis.
Italian scientist famous in the field of Astronomy. Galileo invented the telescope and his observations proved the Copernican Hypothesis. He also discovered the Law of Inertia which states that an object will continue moving indefinitely unless a stopping force like friction is applied to it.. Galileo's most important contribution was his role in founding the modern scientific method. He insisted the necessity of conducting experiments to determine what actually did happen.
Russian civil engineer, inventor and architect, who played a key role in petroleum industry, transport and modern architecture. His inventions: hyperboloid structures, lattice shell structures, tensile structures, gridshell structures, oil reservoirs and pipelines.
He invented the first electrical lighting system-incandescent light bulb.He also set up the first power distribution company providing electricity to private homes. This paved the way to the development of the power generation industry and stimulated the use of electricity in different industries.He also established the first modern, well-equipped research laboratory.
Inventor of airplane. The Wright brothers first learn to fly before before inventing a powered airplane by using gliders. They are the most expert pilots in the world.
He developed the technique of psychoanalysis to treat mental illness. He formulated the theory of the structure of the human personality.
Famous for his formulation of the set of four equations that express the basic laws of electricity and magnetism. Maxwell was able to describe exactly the behavior and interaction of electric and magnetic field.
He invented the first electric motor, the first device to use an electric current to make a material object move. Faraday Law is of in our theoretical understanding of electromagnetism. Electro magnetic conduction can be used to generate continuous electricity as Faraday demonstrated himself by building the first electric dynamo.
A Greek Geometer whose textbook, The Element has been used for more than 2000 years ans it is unquestionably the mos successful textbook ever written. Euclid's textbook was a significant factor in the advancement of science.
He is the inventor of paper during the Han Dynasty. His name is unknown to many but his invention of the paper made a significant change and improvement of how books are written. Before paper was invented, Books in China were made of bamboo, in the West Books are written in parchment or vellum made of specially processed sheepskin or calfskin, which is expensive and scarce. Paper is common nowadays but it is so important and it is widely used not just for writing and printing. Imagine a world without paper...what do you think?
Russian polymath, scientist and writer, who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. Among his discoveries was the atmosphere of Venus. His spheres of science were natural science, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, history, art, philology, optical devices and others. Lomonosov was also a poet, who created the basis of the modern Russian literary language.
An apple fell while he sat under a tree, that helped him with some important ideas. Seriously, he's not even on this list...ISAAC NEWTON!
Alternating Current (AC), Wireless, Radio & Radio-control, X-ray experimentation, and the Tesla Coil.
Russian scientist, Nobel laureate. The Most influential physiologist of all time. Creator of reflex system ("Pavlov's dog")
He is the inventor of radio. His work paved the way in the development of wireless communication which is very important in the modern world.
He discovered the microbes and the first person who was able to describe spermatozoa, one of the earliest to describe the red blood corpuscles. Through him the scientific world became aware of the existence of microbes.
Inventor of penicillin. He studied wound infection and noticed that many antiseptics injured the body cell even more than they injured the microbes. He discovered the substance which he called lysozyme-produced by human body.
He is the most important figure in the development of Chemistry. He was the first person to clearly explain the principle of conservation of mass in chemical reactions. According to him a chemical reaction might re-arrange the elements present in the original substance but no matter is destroyed , and the end product weigh the same as the original component.
He was the person who popularized the technique of vaccination as a preventive measure against small pox..
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